Biomass is a common name for dead organic material, mostly from vegetable origin which a person can use for generating energy, except fossil matters such as oil and coal. We include wood as the most widely used source for generating energy, straw, fast-growing crops (i.e. sugar cane and rapeseed), organic waste (livestock waste, municipal waste, sewage water). Biomass can be used directly for burning where thermal and/or electric energy is created, or we can transform it into liquid and gas hydrocarbons with various technological processes. They can be used as fuel (so-called biogas and biodiesel).
Beside researching processes of generating thermal and electric energy, and bio-fuels from biomass, we also perform research on biomass usage in production processes of special extracts from woodchips, and development of new technologies for biomass use with other renewable sources.
Research and develompent:
- Agglomeration in fluidized bad, in laboratory (2 kg/h) or pilot scale (150 kg/h): application of the fine dispersed liquid components, on powder
- Extraction of the natural extracts from different plants by solid/liquid extraction
- Pilot spray dryer for drying of the water solution to dry powder
- Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the different substances, soluble in suitable solvents, by the aid of the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), with UV/VIS detection
- Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the volatile substances by the gas chromatography (GC)
- Analysis of the water content in liquid mixtures, Karl-Fischer titration
- Sieve analysis of the powder materials in range 20 to 1000 µm
- Stereo optical microscope observations, equipped with digital camera
- pre-preparation of bark and biomass samples with laboratory chopping mill